What Indeed is Web Hosting?
If you desire to create a site and make it visible to the whole world, it needs to be hosted on a hosting server. This service is called hosting.
Host your website at home or in another place
You could host your web site on your own PC at home or at work, on a personal computer which belongs to a comrade of yours, etc. If it is a web site for testing purposes, there would be no real reason for you to search for a more reliable web site hosting service than that. If you would like to build a real web site, though, which will be reachable by numerous viewers and you wish to make it reliable, you will also need a stable server on which you will host it.
Why do you require a web hosting server for your web site?
When you own a site, it is hosted on a physical machine. That physical server has its own physical address called IP address. Typing the IP of the server in your web browser's address bar, though, is not the best and most appropriate way to open a website. That is how and why domain names came into being and why you are in need of one for your site. Thus, to set up your website, you require your own personal domain name and a hosting server to host your site on.
Hosting Bandwidth: Unlimited
Hosted Site Names: 1
E-mail Addresses: 500
FTP Accounts: Unlimited
Web Service Accessibility: 99.9% Uptime
Hosting your website on your own
If you are an Information Technology professional and know how to administer a hosting server, you can have a web server of your own and host your site on it. This will permit you to have complete authority over the machine, to make server configuration modifications and to apply software updates yourself instead of relying on the datacenter staff. The weak side, however, is that you will have to guarantee the accessibility of you website and to handle all server maintenance tasks yourself. If you are making use of a licensed OS, you will also need to invest money in the license, which is usually more costly if purchased for a whole hosting server.
Using a hosting solutions provider
If you don't want to handle server maintenance duties, the best thing to do is open an account with a website hosting vendor. These are companies that offer clients powerful web hosting servers with various hardware configurations in exchange for a certain fee. The hosting servers are stored in datacenters with special cooling and backup power supply systems to guarantee uninterrupted network connectivity.
Types of hosting services
The Internet is an immense sea and there are lots of web hosting suppliers delivering various web hosting services to the myriad of web site owners out there. The web hosting services vary from free-of-cost hosting services, where you can host simple, HTML-based sites, to expensive dedicated web server hosting services that can suck your finances dry. So, what type of hosting meets your needs?
If you own a small or medium-size website that has several hundred visitors max, you could safely use a shared hosting solution. Shared web hosting signifies that plenty of hosting user accounts and websites are hosted on one and the same server, thus trimming the price of the service. Shared hosting accounts usually include central processing unit, memory, web traffic and web hosting server disk drive space usage quotas to make sure that the web sites accommodated on the web server do not interfere with each other and do not use more resources than they are assigned.
If your site is more resource-demanding, you should choose a virtual server web hosting solution, which is the middle ground between the shared hosting solution and the dedicated web server hosting solution. VPS is an abbreviation of Virtual Private Server. It offers full root-level access, which allows you to implement server configuration modifications - something that would be inconceivable on a shared web server. The private virtual servers also offer burstable RAM options. Separate RAM and central processing unit shares are allotted to each individual private virtual web server, without anyone else using them. Usually there are other VPS web hosting servers beside yours that utilize the resources of the physical machine, which could sometimes affect the overall performance, but in the majority of circumstances it is not a problem. Should the system resources of the VPS server, however, be insufficient for your needs, it is apparently time to shift to a dedicated web server.
The dedicated hosting web server is a physical machine that you lease, which is utilized solely by you for your very own website needs. Nobody else uses its resources and you are given full root-level access, can select a hardware architecture in advance, apply upgrades at a later time and add RAM or hard drives. Unlike with the private virtual web servers where virtualization is mostly at the OS level and all containers share a single kernel, with a dedicated server you can modify the kernel of the OS (typically Linux-based) as well.
Select your hosting solutions provider
If you have an idea of what your site is going to contain, or if you have only a vague plan that has not completely matured yet, your initial move towards the creation of your web site should be to find a web hosting supplier. The best course of action is to discover a hosting services provider that provides an immense selection of web hosting services so that you do not need to swap web hosting providers in case you first make use of a shared hosting solution and then outgrow the shared hosting resources and need to switch to a VPS web server solution or a dedicated hosting solution. My personal favorite is NTCHosting, which provides discounted shared website hosting plans, moderately priced OpenVZ and Virtuozzo-based virtual web hosting server plans, semi-dedicated web server hosting plans with their own Control Panel user interface and even dedicated hosting web server packages. I am very satisfied with all their offers, because they all include charge-free bonuses - the shared web hosting plans come with a cost-free domain name if they are paid for on an annual basis, the more powerful VPS web hosting packages and dedicated servers come with a free-of-cost domain reseller account and billing software in case you decide to use them for reselling purposes. Add the high-quality 24-7-365 tech support service and you have all you would normally need. You could, without a doubt, discover other web hosting suppliers depending on what precisely you are looking for, by conducting an online survey or by reading different hosting reviews. The most relevant choice, however, is a web hosting distributor that is also a domain registrar and has servers in more than one country - both preconditions met by NTCHosting, which has web hosting servers in America, in the United Kingdom, in Scandinavia and in Australia, and offers a lot of domain name extensions for registration.